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            您所在的位置: 首頁 > 托??荚?/a> > 托福機經
            托福機經

            2021年5月8日托??荚嚈C經考情回憶!

            2021-06-30

            來源:

            小編:環球教育 97
            摘要:

            5月8日托??荚嚈C經來啦~

            這次考試,舊題有很多

            大家有沒有遇到自己刷到的原題呢?

            小編為大家整理了解析思路和范文

            大家可以看看哦




            下面小編為大家分享托福機經
            回憶一下你在考場上的發揮吧~

            難度分析
            5月8日托??荚嚳碱}評析


            閱讀部分:

            本場考試繼續延續一場多題的情況,共有 ABCD 四套題目。其中文章的題材涉及生物,天文,社科,歷史類等,涵蓋的 范圍較廣。本場考試閱讀加試比較普遍,涉及的詞匯題題目個數較多,同時有重復前些年文章的情況。


            聽力部分:

            本次考試口語、寫作均為舊題重復


            寫作部分:

            這次托??荚噷懽鞑糠终w難度適中。

            綜合寫作重復 2016年12月11日的題目,獨立寫作重復2016年12月10日和2019年1月12日舊題。


            2021.5.8托福機經回憶整理

            2021年5月8日托福閱讀回憶和解析

            環球教育     北京學校

             張澤      整理點評

            綜合點評

            本場考試繼續延續一場多題的情況,共有ABCD四套題目。其中文章的題材涉及生物,天文,社科,歷史,地質類等,涵蓋的范圍較廣。本場考試閱讀加試比較普遍,涉及的詞匯題題目個數較多,同時有重復前些年文章的情況。

            Passage one

            學科分類

            題目

            生命科學類

            寒武紀生命大爆發

            參考閱讀

            參考文章tpo05-03: The Cambrian Explosion

            The geologic timescale is marked by significant geologic and biological events, including the origin of Earth about 4.6 billion years ago, the origin of life about 3.5 billion years ago, the origin of eukaryotic life-forms (living things that have cells with true nuclei) about 1.5 billion years ago, and the origin of animals about 0.6 billion years ago. The last event marks the beginning of the Cambrian period. Animals originated relatively late in the history of Earth—in only the last 10 percent of Earth’s history. During a geologically brief 100-million-year period, all modern animal groups (along with other animals that are now extinct) evolved. This rapid origin and diversification of animals is often referred to as “the Cambrian explosion.”

            Scientists have asked important questions about this explosion for more than a century. Why did it occur so late in the history of Earth? The origin of multicellular forms of life seems a relatively simple step compared to the origin of life itself. Why does the fossil record not document the series of evolutionary changes during the evolution of animals? Why did animal life evolve so quickly? Paleontologists continue to search the fossil record for answers to these questions.

            One interpretation regarding the absence of fossils during this important 100-million-year period is that early animals were soft bodied and simply did not fossilize. Fossilization of soft-bodied animals is less likely than fossilization of hard-bodied animals, but it does occur. Conditions that promote fossilization of soft-bodied animals include very rapid covering by sediments that create an environment that discourages decomposition. In fact, fossil beds containing soft-bodied animals have been known for many years.

            The Ediacara fossil formation, which contains the oldest known animal fossils, consists exclusively of soft-bodied forms. Although named after a site in Australia, the Ediacara formation is worldwide in distribution and dates to Precambrian times. This 700-million-year-old formation gives few clues to the origins of modern animals, however, because paleontologists believe it represents an evolutionary experiment that failed. It contains no ancestors of modern animal groups.

            A slightly younger fossil formation containing animal remains is the Tommotian formation, named after a locale in Russia. It dates to the very early Cambrian period, and it also contains only soft-bodied forms. At one time, the animals present in these fossil beds were assigned to various modern animal groups, but most paleontologists now agree that all Tommotian fossils represent unique body forms that arose in the early Cambrian period and disappeared before the end of the period, leaving no descendants in modern animal groups.

            A third fossil formation containing both soft-bodied and hard-bodied animals provides evidence of the result of the Cambrian explosion. This fossil formation, called the Burgess Shale, is in Yoho National Park in the Canadian Rocky Mountains of British Columbia. Shortly after the Cambrian explosion, mud slides rapidly buried thousands of marine animals under conditions that favored fossilization. These fossil beds provide evidence of about 32 modern animal groups, plus about 20 other animal body forms that are so different from any modern animals that they cannot be assigned to any one of the modern groups. These unassignable animals include a large swimming predator called Anomalocaris and a soft-bodied animal called Wiwaxia, which ate detritus or algae. The Burgess Shale formation also has fossils of many extinct representatives of modern animal groups. For example, a well-known Burgess Shale animal called Sidneyia is a representative of a previously unknown group of arthropods (a category of animals that includes insects, spiders, mites, and crabs).

            Fossil formations like the Burgess Shale show that evolution cannot always be thought of as a slow progression. The Cambrian explosion involved rapid evolutionary diversification, followed by the extinction of many unique animals. Why was this evolution so rapid? No one really knows. Many zoologists believe that it was because so many ecological niches were available with virtually no competition from existing species. Will zoologists ever know the evolutionary sequences in the Cambrian explosion? Perhaps another ancient fossil bed of soft-bodied animals from 600-million-year-old seas is awaiting discovery.

            Passage two

            學科分類

            題目

            歷史類

            道路建設

            內容回憶

            羅馬人在占據英國時修的路

            參考閱讀

            參考文章:tpo19-01:The Roman Army's Impact on Britain

            In the wake of the Roman Empire's conquest of Britain in the first century A.D., a large number of troops stayed in the new province, and these troops had a considerable impact on Britain with their camps, fortifications, and participation in the local economy. Assessing the impact of the army on the civilian population starts from the realization that the soldiers were always unevenly distributed across the country. Areas rapidly incorporated into the empire were not long affected by the military. Where the army remained stationed, its presence was much more influential. The imposition of a military base involved the requisition of native lands for both the fort and the territory needed to feed and exercise the soldiers' animals. The imposition of military rule also robbed local leaders of opportunities to participate in local government, so social development was stunted and the seeds of disaffection sown. This then meant that the military had to remain to suppress rebellion and organize government.

            Economic exchange was clearly very important as the Roman army brought with it very substantial spending power. Locally a fort had two kinds of impact. Its large population needed food and other supplies. Some of these were certainly brought from long distances, but demands were inevitably placed on the local area. Although goods could be requisitioned, they were usually paid for, and this probably stimulated changes in the local economy. When not campaigning, soldiers needed to be occupied; otherwise they represented a potentially dangerous source of friction and disloyalty. Hence a writing tablet dated 25 April tells of 343 men at one fort engaged on tasks like shoemaking, building a bathhouse, operating kilns, digging clay, and working lead. Such activities had a major effect on the local area, in particular with the construction of infrastructure such as roads, which improved access to remote areas.

            Each soldier received his pay, but in regions without a developed economy there was initially little on which it could be spent. The pool of excess cash rapidly stimulated a thriving economy outside fort gates. Some of the demand for the services and goods was no doubt fulfilled by people drawn from far afield, but some local people certainly became entwined in this new economy. There was informal marriage with soldiers, who until AD 197 were not legally entitled to wed, and whole new communities grew up near the forts. These settlements acted like small towns, becoming centers for the artisan and trading populations.

            The army also provided a mean of personal advancement for auxiliary soldiers recruited from the native peoples, as a man obtained hereditary Roman citizenship on retirement after service in an auxiliary regiment. Such units recruited on an ad hoc (as needed) basis from the area in which they were stationed, and there was evidently large-scale recruitment within Britain. The total numbers were at least 12,500 men up to the reign of the emperor Hadrian (A.D. 117-138), with a peak around A.D. 80. Although a small proportion of the total population, this perhaps had a massive local impact when a large proportion of the young men were removed from an area. Newly raised regiments were normally transferred to another province from whence it was unlikely that individual recruits would ever return. Most units raised in Britain went elsewhere on the European continent, although one is recorded in Morocco. The reverse process brought young men to Britain, where many continued to live after their 20 to 25 years of service, and this added to the cosmopolitan Roman character of the frontier population. By the later Roman period,   frontier garrisons (groups of soldiers) were only rarely transferred, service in units became effectively hereditary, and forts were no longer populated or maintained at full strength.

            This process of settling in as a community over several generations, combined with local recruitment, presumably accounts for the apparent stability of the British northern frontier in the later Roman period. It also explains why some of the forts continued in occupation long after Rome ceased to have any formal authority in Britain, at the beginning of the fifth century A.D. The circumstances that had allowed natives to become Romanized also led the self-sustaining military community of the frontier area to become effectively British.

            Passage three

            學科分類

            題目

            歷史考古類

            古代煉銅煉銀的傳播與假說






            2021年5月8
            托福聽力考情回憶

            啄木鳥教育       大連學校

            單麟琳        整理點評

                                      綜合點評

            本次考試口語、寫作均為舊題重復

                                     Conversation

            話題分

            校園生活

            內容回憶

            學生問一個申請,結果說了一大堆暖氣問題的對話

                                      Conversation

            話題分

            論文場景

            內容回憶

            學生想寫這個老師的自傳文章,要約時間采訪他。

                                      Conversation

            話題分

            校園生活

            內容回憶

            關于學校停車問題

                                           Lecture

            話題分

            海洋生物學

            內容回憶

            Marine biology 海底水壓大溫度低,有兩種adaptive strategy, 一個是產很大的卵,讓它有足夠的能量在深海里生存孵化,一個是產很多小的卵,然后這些卵浮起來,到淺水孵化然后再回深海去。

                                           Lecture

            話題分

            歷史學

            內容回憶

            Music history,主要講的是baroque,也有提到文藝復興時期各種手法的運用。

                                           Lecture

            話題分

            天文學

            內容回憶

            米蘭科維奇理論,還有繪畫的紙張顏料要選不易消逝的。

            Lecture

            話題分

            華盛頓雕像

            內容回憶

            華盛頓雕像

            Lecture

            話題分

            社會在沒有農業情況下的起源

            內容回憶

            社會在沒有農業情況下的起源

            Lecture

            話題分

            微生物的認識

            內容回憶

            微生物的認識


            2021年58日托??谡Z回憶和解析

            啄木鳥教育     鄭州學校

              都揚         整理點評

            Task 1

            內容回憶

            Do you prefer a job that deals with different tasks or one that deals with the same task everyday?

            參考答案

            Sample answer:

            For me, this is a fairly easy one to answer. A job that allows me to handle different sorts of tasks would apparently better meet my expectation for a meaningful career life. To say the least, one gets to improve more abilities and skills in such a position, and his social circle will inevitably enlarge in this process. Let’s say you work with a team in a news agency. That means you will need to choose the right stories, carry out investigations, and organize different types of reports. A lot can be learned during these activities, and you also would have to maintain good relations with your sources. That’s something you’ll never experience in a repetitive job.

            Task 2

            閱讀

            學校要在新生宿舍樓下搞library information desk,

            幫他們解決很多他們可能會遇到的問題。

            聽力

            態度:同意閱讀,

            原因一:省時間,

            原因二:圖書館樓層太多,設施太多很多新生不知道怎么用,所以這樣做很好

            Task 3


            閱讀

            閱讀概念: sweeping generalization(一概而論),

            定義: 錯誤地把一個principle用到所有的情況中的錯誤做法

            聽力

            聽力例子: 教授舉例shouting at others,自己有一次在咖啡館丟了包,15分鐘以后發現包沒拿,又回去拿包,原來坐在他旁邊的女的還在那兒,說本來想提醒的,但是咖啡館人太多太吵了,她不想shout,因為shout不好,所以沒提醒

            Task 4


            話題

            背景:阿爾卑斯山那邊的環境很差,風大,水少,但是還是有很多植物survive下來了,它們有兩種適應環境的方式,

            聽力

            方式一:長得很矮,就能扛過high wind,

            方式二:有種berry葉子表面有蠟,可以鎖水,減少水分流失


            2021年5月8日托福寫作回憶和解析

            環球教育       武漢學校

            龔朝輝        整理點評

            綜合點評

            這次托??荚噷懽鞑糠终w難度適中。

            綜合寫作重復 2016年12月11日的題目,獨立寫作重復2016年12月10日和2019年1月12日舊題。

            綜合寫作

            話題分類

            動物保護

            考題回憶

            總論點

            話題:遷徙犀牛對保護該物種是否有效。

            背景:犀牛角非常的珍貴,使得一些偷獵者大量獵殺犀牛,從而對犀牛的種群數量造成了嚴重的影響。為保護犀牛,人們提出要把犀牛運到別的棲息地(relocation plan),以防止偷獵者的捕殺。

            閱讀部分

            閱讀:relocation對保護犀牛沒有用。

            分論點一:犀牛在relocation的過程中有5%的死亡率。運輸過程中造成犀牛(瀕危物種)死亡,做法不靠譜。

            分論點二:犀牛有緊密的種族社會關系。如果把犀牛遷徙到別處,就會造成公犀牛和母犀牛的數量失衡,影響繁殖; 此外,它們的種族紐帶也會被切斷。

            分論點三: relocation不能完全防止偷獵者獵殺犀牛,因為犀牛角的價值很高,所以就算把遷徙犀牛遷徙到另外的地方,偷獵者還是會緊跟,因此不能從根本上解決問題。

            聽力部分

            聽力:relocation可以很好地保護犀牛種群.

            分論點一: 雖然犀牛在運輸途中可能到發生傷亡,但是死亡的犀牛數量比較小。尤其是把運輸導致的犀牛死亡率和盜獵導致的犀牛死亡率做對比時,會發現運輸途中犀牛死亡數量遠低于盜獵者獵殺犀牛的數量。兩項比較,還是relocation更好一些.

            分論點二:犀牛性別失衡的問題可以在relocation之前就避免。保護者會挑選合適數量的公犀牛和母犀牛,保持比例平衡。另外,帶著幼崽的母犀牛不會進行遷徙,因此不會拆散它們的社會關系。

            分論點三:把犀牛運到別的地方,那里地域廣闊,犀?;顒涌臻g很大, 盜獵者在大面積的犀牛棲息地發現犀牛很困。而且,有些地方人很難通過,偷獵者無法到達。

            解題思路

            1. 確定聽力與閱讀的關系(反駁)

            2. 靈活使用寫作模板,點對點比較

            參考范文

            范文:

            The reading casts doubt on the effectiveness of the relocation plan designed to preserve rhinoceros species (which are in danger of becoming extinct), while the lecturer argues the problems mentioned in the reading about the relocation plan are not convincing, and that the plan is beneficial to the preservation of rhinos.

            First, the reading points out that there is a death rate of 5% for rhinos during the relocation process. The lecturer, however, dismisses this concern, claiming that compared with the number of killings committed by poachers, the number of deaths during relocation is relatively small.

            Second, the reading passage states that the relocation plan will disrupt not only the bonds between members of the rhino species but also the gender balance between male and female rhinos. However, the lecture contradicts this, pointing out that the right percentage of male and female rhinos will be chosen to keep gender balance before the relocation begins. Furthermore, those rhinos that have offspring to care for will not be transported to other places, so the bond between mothers and infants will not be affected.

            Finally, the reading says that given the enormous profits hunters can gain, the relocation method will not prevent poachers from hunting rhinos. The lecturer, however, argues that the designated habitats for relocated rhinos are huge, making it difficult for hunters to locate/find rhinos. Furthermore, some places are not even accessible to potential hunters. (234 words)

            獨立寫作

            話題分類

            生活類話題,重復2016年12月10日/2019年1月12日

            考題回憶

            Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

            It is better to travel abroad to visit foreign countries/travel abroad when you are younger rather than when you are older.

            Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer

            解題思路

            寫作思路:

            本題是二選一,可以選擇一邊倒。話題比較個人化,觀點不難想。本題探討出國旅行對人的影響,可以從人生觀形成(對不同文化的理解)、學業發展、外語技能、職業發展等方面去分析。還可以考慮身體健康/體能因素。這里選擇幾個容易寫的觀點。

            總論點:年輕的時候出國旅行更好。

            分論點一:年輕時候出國有利于外語提升。

            分論點二:年輕時候出國有利于職業發展。

            分論點三:年輕時出國更能應對旅行的挑戰(如應對緊急情況的能力)。(篇幅所限,可以不寫)

            參考范文

            范文:

            Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

            It is better to travel abroad to visit different/foreign countries when you are younger rather than when you are older. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

            In this highly interconnected world, it is quite common for people to travel overseas, and this is partly due to the availability of efficient transportation vehicles such as airplanes and high-speed trains. Faced with the choice between traveling abroad at a younger age and traveling overseas an older age, I prefer to travel abroad when I am younger.

            First, traveling to foreign countries when I am younger helps to improve my foreign language skills. An overseas trip not only creates a pressing need for people to improve foreign language skills prior to the trip but also creates plenty of opportunities for them to hone language skills by using the foreign language while visiting a different country. For example, a few years ago when I was making the plan of traveling to the UK, I realized that I needed to significantly improve my English skills to reduce the risk of potential language-induced misunderstandings, so I spent more time every day on English learning. Furthermore, improvements in my English (particularly in listening and speaking) also occurred when I was using the English language to communicate with local people in everyday situations. Although this linguistic benefit that comes with overseas trips applies to virtually all people regardless of age, the benefit is probably greater for younger people who need better language skills for utilitarian purposes (e.g. landing a job at a multinational corporation) than older people.

            Second, traveling to different countries at a younger age may generate career advancement opportunities that we can take advantage of later in life. For example, in my country many people have become highly successful business owners because their earlier overseas experiences afforded them the opportunity to find a niche in the market that they filled later. My friend Vivian is particularly good case in point. She visited a number of countries in her twenties on vacation trips, and during her stay in those countries, she realized, incidentally, that a large number of local people were interested in Chinese–style jewelry and that she could profit from promoting jewelry products with traditional Chinese cultural flavor to cater for the customers’ needs. After returning to China, she quit her stable job at a large state-owned enterprise and set up her own jewelry trade company, which is now thriving. Had she chosen to travel abroad at a later time, she might not have retained the compelling drive and stamina needed for starting her own business.

            In summary, while there are certainly benefits that people can gain from traveling overseas when they are older, it seems to be me that traveling abroad at a younger age is more advisable. This is because by doing so, I can gain enormous benefits such as boosting foreign language proficiency and improving career prospects. (459 words)

            ……完整版可領取PDF機經領取


            由于篇幅原因,大家可以咨詢客服,領取準備好的托福機經PDF版,備考起來更方便哦~


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